Indonesia trying to unite support of ocean nations in WOF 2009 in Manado
(Balitrips.net) / 16 May 2009
Indonesia try to convince the world of the
key role of the ocean in climate change and the importance of including
it as a part of United Nations climate talks when the five-day World
Ocean Conference in Manado.
Foreign Minister Hassan Wirajuda
said Saturday the ocean had been overlooked for years by the world as a
major carbon sink, despite covering two-thirds of the Earth's surface.
ocean plays a major role in determining the world's climate system, but
climate change talks have not included it so far. We aim to bring the
declaration of this conference to the UN climate talks in Copenhagen by
the end of this year," he told reporters when conducting final checks
on the event's preparations.
Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
Minister Freddy Numberi has repeatedly said the ocean should be given
credit for its role in absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2), similar to
forests that help control climate change. He highlighted the latest
legal framework that governs the use of the ocean, the 1982 Convention
on the Law of the Sea, (UNCLOS), which is now 27 years old.
hope the Manado Ocean Declaration will be incorporated into talks
during the 15th UNFCCC Conference of Parties meeting in Copenhagen," he
Hassan pointed out Indonesia's long struggle to convince the world of the importance of the ocean.
"We need to unite all the ocean countries to be able to push for the inclusion of the ocean in the Copenhagen talks," he said.
have to work hard to determine what's next after the Kyoto Protocol
expires in 2012. With the declaration, we hope the ocean dimension will
play a greater role *in a new agreement* after the Kyoto Protocol."
WOC is also expected to produce a joint declaration acknowledging the
destructive impacts of climate change on the ocean and small-island
states, with the rising rate of global climate change in recent times
threatening marine species and the livelihood of the people living in
Manado is also set to host the Coral Triangle
Initiatives (CTI) Summit, which will be attended by leaders of six
countries: Malaysia, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Timor Leste,
Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
Maritime minister Freddy said
donor countries had granted US$70 million through the Global
Environmental Fund (GEF) for the conservation of coral reefs, marine
resources and ecosystems within the region. Indonesia, he added, had
also received $40 million from the US alone for the same cause.
Indonesia now hopes to receive the largest portion of GEF funds as it
initiated the CTI process, the minister said.
Hassan said that as the country with the largest area within the coral triangle, Indonesia deserved to get the most funds.
The country also wants the secretariat of the CTI to be set up in North Sulawesi.
Hosting the WOC has prompted an influx of investment and tourists.
Susilo of the organizers said total private investment from outside and
inside the province had reached Rp 1.5 trillion, mostly in the
construction of facilities and hotels.
With all hotels fully
booked for the duration of the event, foreign and local tourists are
expected to jump in the coming months.
In March, the number of
tourists jumped by more than 20 percent, or 1,700 people, from March
last year, Governor S. Harry Sarundajang said.
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